What is CBD?
CBD or cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid that is one of the 200 chemicals found in the hemp plant. CBD is the second most searched and famous cannabinoid after tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. CBD can also be obtained from the marijuana plant, but it is preferred because it is obtained from the hemp plant as it only contains 0.2 % of intoxicating THC.
Is CBD safe to consume?
CBD has no potential to create euphoria in the consumer. So far, there is no evidence to support that CBD has a dependence or abuse potential. Moreover, according to World Health Organisation, there are no serious side effects associated with using CBD.
Benefits of CBD
CBD is being promoted as a cure-all substance that can provide relief from various health concerns. Before we move further, it is worth mentioning that due to the historical regulatory landscape about hemp and marijuana, there are very few well-conducted trials to support the medical claims associated with CBD. Let’s take a look benefits of CBD that are supported by research.
Epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by the occurrence of recurrent seizures. Although epilepsy is untreatable, there are still few things that we can try to manage. Studies indicate that CBD can be helpful in managing epileptic patients as it shows anti-seizure activity. The results of CBD in affected patients were so promising that even FDA has approved CBD infused drug called Epidiolex. It is used for the treatment of Dravet syndrome and Lennox Gaustat syndrome (two rare forms of epilepsy).
Acne is a common skin disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is believed that excessive production of sebum and related inflammation leads to the production of blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. Since CBD has potent anti-inflammatory properties, it can effectively reduce inflammation produced by cytokines in the body that results in acne.
Various studies also show that it can also affect sebaceous glands to prevent the production of excessive sebum. This is the reason why many skincare companies are using CBD to produce skincare products.
– Anxiety and depression
Among different mental disorders, the most common mental conditions affecting human lives are depression and anxiety. Globally millions of people suffer from anxiety and some kind of depression. Research on the role of CBD in managing anxiety and depression shows very promising results.
CBD has strong anti-anxiety properties that can produce a feeling of calm in the patient. It may also help maintain levels of the happy hormone, aka serotonin, in the body. Studies on human subjects show that it can reduce symptoms of panic disorder, OCD, social anxiety, and public speaking anxiety.
Inflammation is a protective response produced by the body to protect it from invaders, germs and pathogens. It can be chronic or acute inflammation. In this regard, CBD main helps reduce inflammation in the human body. A study published by the Journal of Experimental Medicine indicates that CBD can significantly reduce chronic pain and inflammation in mice and rat subjects.
Another review published in Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry found that CBD can lower inflammation by modulating different pathways in the body. Moreover, different studies also show that topical CBD can manage acute inflammation due to arthritis.
Acute, chronic or neuropathic pain can hamper the daily routine of an individual. People try to manage pain by using over the counter medicines that can have many negative impacts on the health. CBD being marketed as a natural remedy for pain management.
A study on animal models conducted by the European Journal of Pain indicates that CBD can reduce inflammation and pain due to arthritis. Moreover scientists are also trying to learn how CBD helps in treating neuropathic pain and inflammatory pain.
Other potential benefits of CBD include
– Diabetes management
– Treatment of substance abuse
– Antipsychotic effects associated with psychosis and schizophrenia.
– Alzheimer’s disease
– Irritable bowel syndrome
– Main help with multiple sclerosis
CBD is helpful in managing the above-mentioned health concern, but to consider it as a treatment option, we need concrete research on large cohorts. This will help us better understand how CBD works and any long-term side effects of its use.